Cumberland Goes To War
Top Header

Cumberland Goes To War is a community heritage project coordinated and promoted by Allegany County Tourism in partnership with the Canal Place Preservation and Development Authority, the City of Cumberland, Western Maryland Scenic Railroad and the Allegany County Chamber of Commerce. Funded in part by the Maryland Heritage Areas Authority, the Allegany County Commissioners and the City of Cumberland. More information about the project and/or the images in the archive can be obtained by emailing

Users 262
Photos 2,262
Views 20,751,316
Disk Space 476.9mb

SunMon TueWed ThuFri Sat


[ Homer Twigg ]

[ Milnor C McKenzie ]

[ Robert Glausier Jr ]
86th Chemical mortar

[ Brownlee Armstrong ]

[ 29th Infantry ]
1Sgt. William L. Ree

[ William L Reed ]
· more ·


Click on image to view larger image


Registered: August 2008
Posts: 1,721
users gallery
With Canadian First Army, in the Battle of the Scheldt
The 104th's first combat experience occurred during the latter portions of the Battle of the Scheldt. While attached to the Canadian 1st Army, the division moved into defensive positions in the vicinity of Wuustwezel, Belgium, on October 23, 1944, and went over to the offensive on the 25th, taking Zundert and Achtmaal, gaining control of the Breda-Roosendaal Road (see map), and overrunning Vaart Canal defenses. Leur and Etten fell as the division advanced to the Mark River on October 31. A coordinated attack over the Mark River at Standaarbuiten (part of Moerdijk municipality), on November 2, 1944, established a bridgehead. Zevenbergen was captured and the Maas River reached on November 5.
[edit]With VII Corps, in the Battle of Hurtgen Forest
After release by the First Canadian Army, on November 6 the 104th began moving by motor convoy towards Aachen, Germany (see map). The 414th Regimental Combat Team remained behind temporarily to secure Moerdijk. On November 8, the division started its relief of the U.S. 1st Infantry Division in the vicinity of Aachen, and it became attached by the VII Corps, First Army.
The 104th participated in the northern edge of what is now called the Battle of Hurtgen Forest. The abstract of a Defense Technical Information Center report, "Huertgen Forest: Offensive, Deliberate Attack, Forest, 16 November 1944", describes what happened as follows:[3] "The VII (US) Corps, 1st Army attacked 16 November 1944 with 1st Inf Div, 4th Inf Div, 104th Inf Div, and CCR 5th AD to clear Huertgen Forest and the path of 1st Army to the Roer River. After heavy fighting, primarily by the 4th Infantry Division, VII Corps' attack ground to a halt. V Corps was committed on 21 November 1944. Attacking with 8th Inf Div, and CCR 5th AD, the V Corps managed to capture Huertgen after stiff fighting on 28 November 1944."
While the 4th Infantry Division was being stalled by dug-in defenders deep within the Hurtgen Forest, the 104th Infantry Division attacked and secured Stolberg on November 16. Pushing on against heavy resistance, the 104th division was able to take Eschweiler on the November 21. The division next cleared the area west of the Inde River, including Inden, in vicious fighting.
[edit]With VII Corps,
Despite strong enemy counterattacks in the vicinity of Lamersdorf, Inden and Lucherberg (see map) in early December, by December 23 the 104th and its attached units had completed a hard-fought, town-by-town drive beyond the Siegfried Line to the Roer River. From December 15, 1944 to February 22, 1945 (Note: Unit was not in the Battle of the Bulge), the 104th was involved with defending its sector near Düren and Merken (see map).
[edit]Drive to Cologne
As the German offensive in the Ardennes wound down, the division moved across the Roer and took Huchem-Stammeln, Birkesdorf, and North Duren. On March 5, it entered Cologne after heavy fighting (see map). This archive from the 750th Tank Battalion elaborates on actions involved in the approach to Cologne.
[edit]Encirclement of the Ruhr pocket
After defending the west bank of the Rhine, the division crossed the river at Honnef on March 22, 1945, and attacked to the east of the Remagen bridgehead. General Collins’ VII Corps (First Army) was given the assignment of encircling the important Ruhr industrial area of Germany from the south. Beginning early on March 25, the 3rd Armored Division, with the 104th's 414th Infantry Regiment attached, began a lightning-like thrust eastward. After 9 days, the 3rd Armored and 414th Infantry had completed a 193-mile dash to Paderborn, and at Lippstadt, they linked up with the U.S. Ninth Army to complete the encirclement of the Ruhr pocket (see map), thus trapping 335,000 German troops. During this offensive, the 3rd Armored advanced in four columns on more or less parallel roads. The remainder of the 104th Infantry Division, mounted on trucks and accompanied by the 750th Tank Battalion and other supporting troops, had the job of mopping up enemy forces bypassed by the 3rd Armored. In many cases, these bypassed forces had recovered from the initial shock by the time the follow-up forces reached them and put up a strong defense. The 104th repulsed heavy attacks near Medebach, and captured Paderborn on April 1, 1945. After regrouping, the 104th advanced east and crossed the Weser River on the 8th, blocking enemy exits from the Harz Mountains.
The rapid advance of the 3rd Armored Division created an ever-lengthening flank for the 104th to defend. The line was threatened both from German troops on the west attempting to break out of the entrapment and from enemy forces on the east. There were many engagements all along the line. Supply vehicles carrying much-needed fuel and other materials were frequently ambushed. General Collins placed additional divisions in the ever-lengthening line to contain the Germans. Ultimately there were five infantry divisions, plus a cavalry group, stretched over a 175-mile arc from Remagen to Paderborn. As the increasing seriousness of the German situation became apparent, larger and larger groups attempted (without success) to break through the American lines. It was a very fluid situation, and it was uncertain as to when or where the enemy might be encountered (see the 750th records).
[edit]Liberation of Nordhausen camps, and the battle for Halle
After liberating the Mittelbau Dora concentration camp near Nordhausen on April 11 (see The Journey of Private Galione, Supporting Documents), the 104th crossed the Saale River with two battalion task forces of the 414th Infantry and took Halle in a bitter 5-day struggle which lasted from April 15 to 19 (see map). The sector to the Mulde River was cleared by the 21st, with the 414th capturing Raguhn, the 413th Delitzsch, and the 415th Bitterfeld. The 104th Division halted operations along the Mulde, its patrols contacting the Red Army at Pretzsch on April 26.
On 27 June 1945, the Timberwolves left Europe for home and were stationed at Camp San Luis Obispo, California, anticipating deployment for further combat in the Pacific facing the Empire of Japan. However, on 30 August 1945, official word was received from higher headquarters that the Division would not be needed in the Pacific Theater.
· Date: Mon September 15, 2008 · Views: 13305 · Filesize: 53.2kb, 222.7kb · Dimensions: 600 x 625 ·
Quick Rate: Poor Excellent
Keywords: 104th_infantry_division
Print View

Photo Sharing Gallery by PhotoPost
Copyright © 2007 All Enthusiast, Inc.