Cumberland Goes To War
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Cumberland Goes To War is a community heritage project coordinated and promoted by Allegany County Tourism in partnership with the Canal Place Preservation and Development Authority, the City of Cumberland, Western Maryland Scenic Railroad and the Allegany County Chamber of Commerce. Funded in part by the Maryland Heritage Areas Authority, the Allegany County Commissioners and the City of Cumberland. More information about the project and/or the images in the archive can be obtained by emailing info@cumberlandgoestowar.com.


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[ William Felton Grimm ]
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[ Albert Rosley ]
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Keith Skidmore Milit
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[ T/5 Keith W "Bill" Skidmore ]
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[ Mathew Blacker ]
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German Guide
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[ Milnor C McKenzie ]
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[ Howard H Dickey ]
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S/Sgt Irvin "Butch" Johnson
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Registered: August 2008
Posts: 1,721
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Served from 1943 - 1945


Cross to from left to right
Purple Heart Medal
Silver Star Medal
Combat Infantry Medal
Infantry Medal
European Theater Medal
Godd Conduct Medal
Middle Row
Bronze Star Medal
Occupation of Germany Medal
Victory Medal
Third Row
Division Patch 87th Division
German Riffle Bullet - same as the one that hit me in the side and thru the back of the dog tag
Expert Rifleman Medal
Discharge Patch
Cross he wore


Center
plague with name rank division company and regiment


Also received medal from Belguim - the Belguim Fouraguerre for Battle of the Bulge given to 87th Division
Due to feet frozen in Battle of the Bulge he is now a double amputee.


BATTLE OF THE BULGE
In December 1944 Adolph Hitler directed an ambitious counteroffensive with the object of regaining the initiative in the west and compelling the Allies to settle for a negotiated peace.


Hitler's generals were opposed to the plan, but the Fuhrer's will prevailed and the counteroffensive was launched on 16 December by some 30 German divisions against Allied lines in the Ardennes region. Allied defenses there had been thinned to provide troops for the autumn defensive. Hitler's intention was to drive through Antwerp and cut off and annihilate the British 21st Army Group and the U.S. First and Ninth Armies north of the Ardennes.


Aided by stormy weather which grounded Allied planes and restricted observation, the Germans achieved surprise and made rapid gains at first, but firm resistance by various isolated units provided time for the U.S. First and Ninth Armies to shift against the northern flank of the penetration, for the British to send reserves to secure the line to the Meuse, and for Patton's Third Army to hit the salient from the south.


Denied vital roads and hampered by air attack when the weather cleared, the German attack resulted only in a large bulge in the Allied lines which did not even extend to the Meuse River, the Germans' first objective. The Americans suffered some 75,000 casualties in the Battle of the Bulge, but the Germans lost 80,000 to l00,000. German strength had been irredeemably impaired.


By the end of January 1945, American units had retaken all ground they had lost, and the defeat of Germany was clearly only a matter of time. In the east the Red Army had opened a winter offensive that was to carry, eventually, to and beyond Berlin. Source: www.worldwar2history.info
· Date: Wed November 19, 2008 · Views: 8710 · Filesize: 42.4kb, 241.3kb · Dimensions: 600 x 773 ·
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Keywords: S/Sgt Irvin "Butch" Johnson
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