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Cumberland Goes To War is a community heritage project coordinated and promoted by Allegany County Tourism in partnership with the Canal Place Preservation and Development Authority, the City of Cumberland, Western Maryland Scenic Railroad and the Allegany County Chamber of Commerce. Funded in part by the Maryland Heritage Areas Authority, the Allegany County Commissioners and the City of Cumberland. More information about the project and/or the images in the archive can be obtained by emailing

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106th Infantry Division
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Registered: August 2008
Posts: 1,721
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The 106th Infantry Division received its final state-side training at Camp Atterbury [1], Indiana, from 03/27/1944 to 10/13/1944.
The 106th Infantry Division arrived in the United Kingdom, 17 November 1944, and trained briefly, then moved to France, 6 December. It relieved the 2nd Infantry Division in the quiet area of Schnee Eifel on the 11th for further training.
The German Ardennes Offensive was thrown in force without warning at the 106th on 16 December with a large thrust through the Schnee Eifel area by the German Sixth SS Panzer Army and German Fifth Panzer Army. At this time the division has been on the continent for only 15 days with many new soldiers at an average age of 22 years. In addition, the division had minimal supplies and ammunition.
Immediately the 422d and 423d Infantry Regiments were encircled and cut off from the remainder of the division by a junction of enemy forces in the vicinity of Schonberg. They were in the forest that had small roads and little terrain where maneuver was practicable. The regiments lacked armored support, and though they regrouped for counterattack, they were blocked by the enemy and lost to the division on 18 December. The division suffered 641 killed and 1,200 wounded in these early actions. Over 7,000 soldiers were captured and sent to various POW camps throughout Germany. One of the division's losses in this action was Kurt Vonnegut, who suffered the rest of the war as a prisoner and later drew upon his experiences to write his novel Slaughterhouse Five.
The rest of the division withdrew from St. Vith on the 21st under constant enemy fire and pulled back over the Salm River at Vielsalm, 23 December. On the 24th, the 424th Regiment attached to the 7th Armored Division fought a delaying action at Manhay until ordered to an assembly area.
From 25 December 1944 to 9 January 1945, the division received reinforcements and supplies at Anthisnes, Belgium, and returned to the struggle, securing objectives along the Ennal-Logbierme line on the 15th after heavy fighting. After being pinched out by advancing divisions, the 106th assembled at Stavelot on the 18th for rehabilitation and training. It moved to the vicinity of Hunningen, 7 February, for defensive patrols and training.
In March, the 424th advanced along the high ground between Berk and the Simmer river and was again pinched out at Olds on the 7th. A period of training and patrolling followed until 15 March when the division moved to St. Quentin for rehabilitation and the reconstruction of lost units. For the remainder of its stay in Europe, the 106th handled prisoners of war enclosures and engaged in occupational duties.
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